Literacy Support

Literacy Support


The Driver Youth Trust has created a Drive for Literacy (DfL) toolkit which is built on the Graduated Approach and starts with Quality First Teaching. It aims to build teacher capability and school capacity to identify and support learners who struggle with reading, writing, speaking and listening,

It is built around the three principles:

  • Equal access, where all children are able to learn despite their difficulties.
  • Understanding what literacy difficulties are and seeing merit in addressing their impact on educational outcomes for children and young people.
  • Good teaching practice that benefits those with literacy difficulties.

What Works for Children and Young People with Literacy Difficulties Greg Brooks University of Sheffield

This book addresses the following questions:

What intervention schemes are there which have been used in the UK in an attempt to boost the reading, spelling or overall writing attainment of lower-achieving pupils between the ages of 5 and 18, and have been quantitatively evaluated here?

What are those schemes like, and how effective are they?


Visual Perception

Observed Difficulties

Visual Discrimination

Match colours and shapes

Identify odd one out

Copy sequences

Visual Memory

Remembering letter/number shapes

Remembering visual sequences

Retaining visual information

Proprioception (Body awareness)      


Understanding of directional and positional information

Difficulties with body awareness

Poor directional sense

Visual Tracking          

Copying shapes and patterns

Space letters correctly

Recording work

Placing writing correctly on the page

Visual Form Constancy

Recognise letters in different fonts

recognising the same shape in different contexts

Visual Figure Ground


Focus on a task

Read/copy without losing their place

Throwing and catching

Visual Closure

Completing an almost finished outline of a familiar object or shape.


Advice for Specialist Assessors from SASC

YES@ Areté Learning Trust offer a screening service for Visual Stress difficulties. The diagnostic assessment which costs £10 will be carried out by Inese Yeardley who qualified as an Orthoptist in 1970 from the Manchester School of Orthoptics and became a clinical tutor in 1996. To book an appointment please email

In the classroom a range of resources can be used to support students with visual stress.

For a comprehensive review of assistive technology, we recommend the BDA Technologies website.

Yes@ Areté Learning Trust can provide training and support with the following assistive technology

Text to Speech

Yes@ Areté Learning Trust have worked closely with Text Help to start to develop the effective use of the Read and Write software throughout the trust schools.


The RNIB Bookshare UK education collection enables learners with print disabilities, including those with dyslexia and who are blind or partially sighted, to read the same collection, at the same time as their peers, giving them the same educational opportunities. All books are “accessible,” which means you can read our books many different ways:

  • Listen to books with high quality text-to-speech voices
  • Hear and see highlighted words on screen
  • Read with digital braille or enlarged fonts
  • Create physical braille or large print
  • Read directly from your Internet browser